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Oppositional culture

Oppositional culture, also known as the "blocked opportunities framework" or the "caste theory of education", is a term most commonly used in studying the sociology of education to explain racial disparities in educational achievement, particular ...

Oracy

The term oracy was coined by Joy, a British researcher and educator, in the 1960s. This word is formed by analogy from literacy and numeracy. The purpose is to draw attention to the neglect of oral skills in education.

Pay-for-Performance (Federal Government)

Pay-for-Performance is a method of employee motivation meant to improve performance in the United States federal government by offering incentives such as salary increases, bonuses, and benefits. It is a similar concept to Merit Pay for public te ...

Death of Tim Piazza

Timothy John Piazza died as the result of hazing at the Beta Theta Pi fraternity at Pennsylvania State University at University Park, Pennsylvania. The incident led to closure of the fraternitys chapter at the university and, as of November 14, 2 ...

Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the representation of another authors language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions as ones own original work. Plagiarism is considered academic dishonesty and a breach of journalistic ethics. It is subject to sanctions such as penaltie ...

The Price of Admission

The Price of Admission: How Americas Ruling Class Buys Its Way into Elite Colleges - and Who Gets Left Outside the Gates is a 2005 book by Daniel Golden, a recipient of the Pulitzer Prize in journalism. The book criticizes admissions at elite Ame ...

Privacy in education

Privacy in education refers to the broad area of ideologies, practices, and legislation that involve the privacy rights of individuals in the education system. Concepts that are commonly associated with privacy in education include the expectatio ...

Racial achievement gap in the United States

The racial achievement gap in the United States refers to disparities in educational achievement between differing ethnic groups. It manifests itself in a variety of ways: among students, African-Americans, Latinos, and Chicano students are more ...

Ragging

Ragging is the term used for the so-called "initiation ritual" practiced in higher education institutions in South Asian countries, including India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The practice is similar to hazing in North America, bizutage in France, ...

School health and nutrition services

School health and nutrition services are services provided through the school system to improve the health and well-being of children and in some cases whole families and the broader community. These services have been developed in different ways ...

School security

School security encompasses all measures taken to combat threats to people and property in education environments. One term connected to school security is school safety, which is defined as the sheltering of students from violence and bullying, ...

School shooting

A school shooting is an attack at an educational institution, such as a primary school, secondary school, or university, involving the use of firearms. Many school shootings are also categorized as mass shootings due to multiple casualties. The p ...

School uniform

A school uniform is a uniform worn by students primarily for a school or otherwise educational institution. They are common in primary and secondary schools in various countries. Although often used interchangeably, there is an important distinct ...

School uniforms by country

School uniform is a practice which dates to the 16th century in the United Kingdom. It is believed that the Christs Hospital school in London in 1552 was the first school to use a uniform for its students. The earliest documented proof of institu ...

School-related gender-based violence

School-related gender-based violence can be defined as acts or threats of sexual, physical or psychological violence happening in and around schools. This type of violence is due to gender norms and stereotypes. It can include verbal abuse, bully ...

Senioritis

Senioritis is a colloquial term mainly used in the United States and Canada to describe the decreased motivation toward studies displayed by students who are nearing the end of their high school, college, and graduate school careers, or the end o ...

Small schools movement

The small schools movement, also known as the Small Schools Initiative, in the United States of America holds that many high schools are too large and should be reorganized into smaller, autonomous schools of no more than 400 students, and optima ...

Social promotion

Social promotion is the practice of promoting a student to the next grade after the current school year, regardless of if they learned the necessary material or if they are often absent. This is done in order to keep the students with their peers ...

Laura Spence Affair

The Laura Spence Affair was a British political controversy in 2000, ignited after the failure of high-flying state school pupil Laura Spence to secure a place at the University of Oxford.

STEM pipeline

The STEM pipeline is the educational pathway for students in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The start and end of this STEM pipeline are disputed, but it is often considered to begin in early education and extend ...

The Student as Nigger

The Student as Nigger is the title of an essay and subsequent book by American educator Jerry Farber. The essay first appeared in the Los Angeles Free Press in 1967 and is often cited as one of the first underground publications to receive widesp ...

Student–teacher ratio

Student–teacher ratio or student–faculty ratio is the number of students who attend a school or university divided by the number of teachers in the institution. For example, a student–teacher ratio of 10:1 indicates that there are 10 students for ...

Test anxiety

Test anxiety is a combination of physiological over-arousal, tension and somatic symptoms, along with worry, dread, fear of failure, and catastrophizing, that occur before or during test situations. It is a physiological condition in which people ...

Textbooks in Israel

Israels Compulsory Education Law provides free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of 5 to 18, from the last year of kindergarten up to 12th grade.

Tiger parenting

Tiger parenting is strict or demanding parenting. Tiger parents push and pressure their children to attaining high levels of academic achievement or success in high-status extracurricular activities such as music, using authoritarian parenting me ...

Word gap

The term 30-million-word gap was originally coined by Betty Hart and Todd R. Risley in their book Meaningful Differences in the Everyday Experience of Young American Children, and subsequently reprinted in the article "The Early Catastrophe: The ...

Working class education

Prior to the 19th century, education for most members of society was elementary and only an elite received advanced education. This was intended to provide members of each social class with an education befitting their expected future status - to ...

XF (grade)

XF is a letter grade used at some U.S. colleges, to denote either students who withdraw from a course after the refund period has lapsed or who are caught performing acts of academic dishonesty. This was intended to make it evident from the trans ...

Year-round school in the United States

Year-round school is the practice of having students attend school without the traditional summer vacation made necessary by agricultural practices in the past. Ten percent of US public schools are currently using a year-round calendar. A researc ...

Youth activism

Youth activism is youth engagement in community organizing for social change. Youth participation in social change focuses more on issue-oriented activism than traditional partisan or electoral politics. Youth have taken lead roles in public prot ...

Argentine Law 1420

The Law 1420 of General Common Education of Argentina was a landmark national law that dictated public, compulsory, free, and secular education. It was passed in 1884 during the administration of President Julio Argentino Roca, after a number of ...

Bantu Education Act, 1953

The Bantu Education Act, 1953 was a South African segregation law which legalised several aspects of the apartheid system. Its major provision was enforcing racially separated educational facilities. Even universities were made "tribal", and all ...

Education Act 1872 (Victoria)

The Education act of 1872 removed state funding of non-government schools, and created a new Education Department to control government schools in what later became the State of Victoria.

Education Act 1877

The Education Act 1877 established twelve regional Education Boards in New Zealand after the Provinces were abolished and the central government took control of education.

Grammar Schools Act 1860

The Grammar Schools Act 1860 was passed by Queenslands first parliament in 1860 and allowed for the establishment of a grammar school in any town where £1000 could be raised locally. Between the years 1863 and 1892, ten grammar schools were opene ...

Information held under Section 142 of the Education Act 2002

List 99 was a controversial, confidential register of people barred from working with children by the Department for Education and Skills In the United Kingdom. The list contained the names, dates of birth, aliases, and national insurance numbers ...

Jules Ferry laws

The Jules Ferry Laws are a set of French laws which established free education in 1881, then mandatory and laic education in 1882. Jules Ferry, a lawyer holding the office of Minister of Public Instruction in the 1880s, is widely credited for cre ...

Laws requiring teaching of the Holocaust

A number of countries maintain laws requiring the presentation of information concerning actions of the government of Germany regarding Jews in its territory during the period of that governments control by the National Socialist German Workers P ...

Leonard Law

The Leonard Law is a California law passed in 1992 and amended in 2006 that applies the First Amendment of the United States Constitution to private and public colleges, high schools, and universities. The law also applies Article I, Section 2 of ...

Lowry Bill

The Lowry Bill, also known as the Lowry Act and the Lowry Normal School Bill, was a bill introduced in 1910 in the Ohio state legislature which called for the establishment of two state normal schools in northern Ohio, one in the northeast and on ...

Myanmar National Education Law 2014

Myanmar National Education Law, enacted on 30 September 2014, is designed to reform the countrys outdated education system. Drafted in March 2014, the bill was passed after being sent back to the floor by President Thein Sein with 25 proposed cha ...

Polish student ID

The Polish student ID is the document certifying that the person is attending a higher school in Poland.

Raising of school leaving age in England and Wales

The raising of school leaving age is the term used by the government for changes of the age at which a child is allowed to leave compulsory education in England and Wales as specified under an Education Act. In England and Wales this age has been ...

School-leaving age

The school leaving age is the minimum age a person is legally allowed to cease attendance at an institute of compulsory secondary education. Most countries have their school leaving age set the same as their minimum full-time employment age, thus ...

Education Update

Education Update is an American non-profit monthly newspaper, published in New York City. It focuses on issues related to education and has a circulation of approximately 100.000. The publisher, retired education professor Pola Rosen, began the n ...

A Nation Deceived

A Nation Deceived: How Schools Hold Back Americas Brightest Students is The Templeton National Report on Acceleration, a report which was published in 2004 and edited by Nicholas Colangelo, Susan G. Assouline, and Miraca Gross. This report argues ...

A Nation Empowered

A Nation Empowered: Evidence Trumps the Excuses Holding Back Americas Brightest Students is a follow-up to the 2004 report A Nation Deceived. A Nation Empowered is a national, research-based report on utilizing academic acceleration for advanced ...

Now You See It (book)

Now You See It: How the Brain Science of Attention Will Transform the Way We Live, Work, and Learn is a book by CUNY Graduate Center professor Cathy Davidson published by Viking Press on August 19, 2011.

Sally Ride Science

Sally Ride Science at UC San Diego is a nonprofit run by the University of California, San Diego. It was founded as a company in 2001 by Sally Ride, Americas first woman in space, along with Tam OShaughnessy, Karen Flammer, Terry McEntee, and Ala ...

African-American Baseline Essays

The African-American Baseline Essays are a series of educational materials commissioned in 1987 by the Portland public school district in Portland, Oregon and compiled by Asa Grant Hilliard III, intended to "provide information about the history, ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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