ⓘ Transport in Nagpur
The city of Nagpur is strategically located in central India. Although it lack a major public transit system) its road network is well-maintained to avoid congestion. Nagpur is connected to Indias four major metropolitan areas by road, rail and air. Auto rickshaws operate in most parts of the city, and are the main form of hired transport.
Nagpur is a major road junction, since Indias two major national highways NH 7 from Kanyakumari to Varanasi and NH-6 from Hajira to Kolkota pass through the city. NH 69 connects Nagpur to Obaidullaganj, near Bhopal. Nagpur is at the junction of two Asian Highways: AH43 Agra to Matara, Sri Lanka and AH46 Kharagpur to Dhule. The Inland Container Depot, run by Container Corporation of India CONCOR, has been the countrys fastest-growing inland port. The Mumbai–Aurangabad–Nagpur highway, a Maharashtra state highway, connects the state capital Mumbai to Nagpur via Aurangabad and significantly reduces the distance traveled by NH 6 and NH 3 between the cities.
The National Highways Authority of India approved the extension of NH 204 from Kolhapur to Nagpur via Solapur, Tuljapur, Latur, Nanded, Yavatmal, Wardha and Butibori, which primarily covers the portion covered by the current MSH 3 between Butibori and Tuljapur. The planned NH-26B Savner-Chhindwara-Narsinghpur will connect Nagpur to North India.
1.1. Roads Intercity
Nagpur is the divisional headquarters of the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation MSRTC, and has one of the states three bus workshops. The MSRTC has intercity and interstate routes, with two bus stations in Nagpur: Nagpur Bus Sthanak CBS-1 at Ganeshpeth and Mor Bhawan CBS-2 at Jhansi Rani Square, Sitabuldi. It operates 1.600 daily long- and short-distance routes from CBS-1 in Maharashtra and surrounding states, and 750 daily short-distance routes from CBS-2 in Vidarbha. Buses include semi-luxury 2+2 NEEM AARAAM, Parivartan 2+2, Asiad 2+2, and ordinary ST 2+3. Bus service is available to major cities in and around the state, including Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur, Raipur, Satna, Rewa, Raipur, Panna, Amravati, Raipur, Jagdalpur, Bilaspur, Mandla, Katni, Pune, Aurangabad, Jalna, Nashik, Mumbai, Nanded, Akola, Jalgaon, Bhusawal, Rajnandgaon, Parbhani and Gondia.
1.2. Roads City
Nagpur Mahanagar Parivahan Limited NMPL is the company which operates the citys bus service. It has a fleet of 487 buses, which serve about 160.000 passengers daily in the metropolitan area. Of the fleet, 17 are electric buses; 88 are low-floor MiniBuses, and 382 are low-floor 50-seat StarBuses.
Due to its central location, Nagpur is a rail junction connecting Indias four major metropolises: Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, and Kolkata. A total of 242 trains stop at Nagpur, one of the countrys busiest junctions. Sixty-five are daily trains, and 26 terminate or originate at Nagpur. Almost 150.000 passengers use the Nagpur Junction railway station, the citys main station, daily; smaller stations are at Ajni, Itwari, Kalamna, Kamptee and Khapri. A need has been felt for a Nagpur metro rail service similar to the Delhi Metro, and Larsen and Toubro L&T was commissioned to prepare a report on the metropolitan areas transport needs by 2020. In its report, L&T recommended an elevated monorail and a multi-modal transport system similar to Hyderabads. The consultants suggested a minimum of 1.500 city buses and a bus rapid transit system BRTS on selected routes.
Nagpur Junction built in 1867 is in the center of the city, at the foot of Sitabuldi Hill which contains the historic fort. It is the headquarters of the Nagpur division of the central and south-eastern lines of Indian Railways. The nearby Ajni station is primarily a cargo terminal. British India opened the Bombay–Bhusawal–Nagpur line in 1867 to link the cotton-growing Vidarbha region with the port city of Bombay. The line was later extended east to Howrah.
The main building is pink sandstone, similar to the colonial-era Reserve Bank of India and Vidhan Bhavan, and is a heritage site. The Ministry of Railways has allocated ₹1 billion to upgrade the station, and a flyover has been built to reduce traffic congestion. The Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur MIHAN is under construction, and closed-circuit cameras have been installed at Nagpur Junction.
In addition to Nagpur Junction, local stations are in Itwari, Ajni, Kalamna, Khapri, Godhni, Bharatwada, Gumgaon, Kapmtee, Kanhan, Ramtek and Butibori. Itwari has been converted to a terminus by the South East Central Railway for many passenger and local MEMU trains. Local trains run from Itwari to Nagpurs outlying north, north-east and eastern areas, and the Ramtek-Kanhan-Kamptee-Kalamna-Itwari line is popular with pilgrims. Many passenger trains to Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Raipur, Gondia and Tatanagar originate in Nagpur. The Itwari line is also used by business people from north, north-east and eastern Nagpur.
Ajni, on the Nagpur-Mumbai/Chennai route, is part of the Central Railway zone. Nearly all trains stop briefly at the station, which is used primarily by residents of central, western, south-western and southern Nagpur and short-distance day trippers. Trains terminating at Nagpur are almost 80 percent emptied at Ajni, and trains originating from the city fill about 40 percent there.
2.1. Railways Nagpur Metro
The Nagpur Metro project was announced by the Maharashtra state government, with a cost of ₹4.400 crore ₹44 billion for a phase-1, 25-km corridor from Sitabuldi to MIHAN and Butibori via Airport, and ₹3.800 crore ₹38 billion for a 20-km corridor from Sitabuldi to Automotive Square in Kamptee. Consultant Delhi Metro Railway Corporation DMRC would study the alignment and submit a detailed project report.
Site inspection began in March 2012 with a Nagpur Improvement Trust NIT initiative. The ₹10.000 crore ₹100 billion project would be built by the Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation, formed under the NIT. The Nagpur Municipal Corporation, the Maharashtra Airport Development Corporation, the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation MIDC and Maharashtras City and Industrial Development Corporation CIDCO are the other participating organisations. MIHANs vice-chairman will chair the new company, and NIT chairman Parvin Darade will be its executive director.
3. Air transport
Nagpurs air traffic control ATC which is Indias busiest, with more than 300 international flights flying over the city every day in 2004. Domestic airlines Indigo, kingfisher Airlines, GoAir, and Air Deccan connect Nagpur with Mumbai eight flights daily, Delhi four flights daily, Ahemdabad two flights daily, Pune two flights daily, Bangalore two flights daily Indore three flights daily, Hyderabad three flights daily, and one flight four times a week, and Kolkata one flight daily and one flight twice a week. Indigo has announced plans for direct service between Nagpur and Chennai. In October 2005, Nagpurs Sonegaon Airport was declared an international airport and renamed Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport. Initial Air Arabia flights between Nagpur and Sharjah intended to tap a strong demand for international travel in Central India. In April 2006, Indian Airlines connected Nagpur and Bangkok with non-stop, twice-weekly service. Qatar Airways began twice-weekly service from Nagpur to Doha, and Air India Express began flying to Dubai three times a week on 24 September 2007.
3.1. Air transport MIHAN
The Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur MIHAN, Indias first, was completed on the outskirts of the city in 2006. MIHAN is expected to contribute significantly to the development of Nagpur and the economically-backward Vidarbha region. Another impetus to the budding aviation industry in Nagpur was Boeings decision to set up a $185-million maintenance base in 2006.
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