BMW i8

The BMW i8 is a Plug-in hybrid sports car developed by BMW. I8 is part of BMWs electric fleet "I" was sold as a new sub-brand BMW I. 2015 model year BMW i8 has a 7.1 kWh lithium-ion battery that provides all-electric range of 37 km in the new European driving cycle. The Agency cycle environmental protection of the United States, the range in EV mode is 24 km with a small amount of gasoline consumption. Its design is to a large extent depends on BMW M1 homage concept car, which, in turn, pays homage to BMWs last mid-engine sports car to the I8: BMW M1. BMW will stop the production BMW i8 in April 2020.
The BMW i8 accelerates from 0 to 100 km / h 62 mph in 4.4 seconds and has an electronically limited top speed of 250 km / h 155 mph. BMW i8 has a fuel efficiency of 2.1 l / 100 km 134.5 mpg ‑IMP, 112.0 mpg and the USA in the framework of the NEDC testing in the carbon emissions of 49 g / km, the EPA assigned the I8 combined fuel economy of 76 MPGe in 3.1 l gasoline equivalent / 100 km, 91 mpg-IMP gasoline equivalent and 29 mpg 6.7 l / 100 km when operating in pure gasoline mode after the battery is drained empty.
The initial turbodiesel concept car was unveiled in 2009 at the international motor show Germany. The production version BMW i8 was unveiled at the Frankfurt motor show 2013. On the I8 was released in Germany in June 2014. Shipping for retail customers in the U.S. began in August 2014. By early November 2016 global sales since the middle of 2014 amounted to more than 10.000 BMW i8s, which makes i8 and worlds best selling plug-in electric sports car. Top sales in the markets of USA, UK, Germany, China and Canada.

1. History. (История)
First introduced as the concept vision EfficientDynamics features, the i8 is part of BMWs "I" and is positioned as a new brand, BMW I, sold separately from BMW or Mini. BMW I3, launched for retail customers in Europe in the fourth quarter of 2013, was the first model of the I brand available in the market, and it was followed by i8, released in Germany in June of 2014 as a 2015 model. Other models I have to follow.
The initial turbodiesel concept car was unveiled in 2009 at the international motor show in Germany in 2010, BMW announced the start of mass production of the concept vision EfficientDynamics at Leipzig beginning in 2013 as the BMW I8. BMW I8 petrol engine, the concept car destined for production was unveiled at the Frankfurt motor show 2011. The production version BMW i8 was presented at the international motor show Germany 2013. Below are the concepts and prototypes developed by BMW that preceded the production version. When the BMW I sponsored by ABB of the FIA Formula E world, they announced that they provide support vehicles and i8, is currently working as the official safety car.

1.1. History. BMW vision EfficientDynamics features 2009. (Автомобиль BMW зрение EfficientDynamics оснащен функциями, 2009)
BMW vision EfficientDynamics equipped vehicle is a plug-in hybrid with a 1.5 l three-cylinder turbo-diesel engine. In addition, there are two electric motors with 139 HP 104 kW. It provides acceleration to 100 km / h 62 mph in 4.8 seconds, and top speed is electronically limited to 250 km / h 155 mph.
According to BMW, the average fuel consumption in the EU test cycle is 3.76 KV01 l / 100 km, 75.1 mpg IMP, and the carbon dioxide emission rating of 99 grams per kilometer 1.3 l / 100 km and 33g CO2 / kabelham, EU-Feb ECE-the R101. The estimated all-electric range is 50 km 31 mi and a 24-liter petrol tank extends the total vehicle range to 700 km, 430 miles. Lightweight body made mostly from aluminium. Windshield, top, doors and fenders are made from polycarbonate glass, with the body having a drag coefficient of only 0.22.
The designers of the concept BMW vision EfficientDynamics features were Mario Majdandzic for outdoor and Jochen Paesen for the interior.
The car was presented at the 2009 International motor show Germany, auto China 2010.

1.2. History. The concept of the BMW i8 and 2011. (Концепт БМВ i8 и 2011)
BMW i8 concept Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle includes an electric motor located on the front axle causing the front wheels of the nominal 96 kW 131 HP, 129 HP and 250 N * m 184 lb⋅ft, a turbocharged 1.5-liter 3-cylinder petrol engine the rear wheels nominal 164 kW / 223 HP, 220 HP and 300 N⋅m 221 lb⋅ft of torque, with a total capacity of 260 kW 354 HP, 349 HP and 550 nm 406 lb⋅ft 26 7.2 kWh lithium-ion battery for MJ that allows all-electric range of 35 km 22 mi. All four wheels provide regenerative braking. The location of the battery in the energy tunnel gives the vehicle a low center of gravity, enhancing its dynamics. Its maximum speed is limited electronically to 250 km / h 155 km / h and is expected to go from 0 to 100 km / h from 0 to 60 mph in 4.6 seconds. Under normal driving conditions the i8 is scheduled to deliver 80 mpg and USA 2.9 l / 100 km or 96 mpg ‑IMP in the European cycle. Full battery charge takes less than 2 hours using 220V. the location of the engine and motor axes results in an optimal 50/50 weight distribution.
The car was presented in 2011 at the international motor show in Germany, the center 548 in new York, the 42nd Tokyo motor show 2011, the 82nd Geneva motor show 2012, BMW I born electric tour at the Palazzo Delle Esposizioni in Rome on via Nazionale 194, auto Shanghai 2013.
This concept car was shown in the movie Mission: impossible – Ghost Protocol.

1.3. History. The BMW i8 concept Spyder 2012. (Концепта BMW i8 и спайдер 2012)
BMW I8 concept Spyder included slightly shorter wheelbase and overall length over the BMW i8 concept, carbon fiber reinforced plastic CFRP life module, drive modules made primarily from aluminium components, interlocking of surfaces and lines, 8.8-inch 22.4 cm display screen, white outer layer, orange tone brown leather upholstery.
The car was presented at Auto China 2012 in Beijing and won concept car of the year, and then at the 83rd Geneva International motor show 2013. Designer of the BMW i8 concept and the Spyder was Richard Kim.

1.4. History. Prototype BMW i8 coupe 2013. (Прототип BMW i8 и купе 2013)
Design a prototype of the BMW i8 in coupe was based on BMW I8 concept. This BMW i8 prototype has an average fuel efficiency of less than 2.5 l / 100 km 113.0 mpg ‑IMP, 94.1 mpg ‑US in the new European driving cycle with carbon emissions of less than 59 g / km. In the I8 with carbon fiber reinforced plastic CFRP passenger compartment lightweight, aerodynamically optimized body, and BMW eDrive technology offers the dynamic performance of a sports car, with an expected 0-100 km / h 0-62 mph acceleration in less than 4.5 seconds using both power sources. Plug-in hybrid system of the BMW i8 and includes the three-cylinder, 1.5-liter BMW TwinPower Turbo gasoline engine combined with technology BMW eDrive used BMW i3 and develops maximum power of 170 kW 228 HP. The BMW i8 is the first BMW production model will be powered by a petrol three-cylinder engine and the resulting specific output of 115 kW / 154 HP per litre of displacement is on a par with high performance engines of sports cars and is the highest of any engine produced by BMW.
BMW i8s second power source is a hybrid synchronous electric motor specially developed and produced by the BMW group for BMW I. The electric motor develops maximum power of 131 HP 96 kW and produces a maximum torque of about 320 nm 236 lbf⋅ft with space. A typical electric motor, responsive power is instantly when starting and this continues into the higher load ranges. And provides additional power to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration, the electric motor can also power the vehicle by itself. Maximum speed in electric mode is around 120 km / h 75 km / h, with a maximum range of up to 35 km 22 mi. Linear acceleration is maintained even at high speeds, because the interaction between the two power sources efficiently absorbs any flow interruptions when shifting. A model-specific version of the high-voltage 7.2 lithium-ion battery has a liquid cooling system and can be recharged in a regular household power socket, BMW I Wallbox or public charging station. In the US a full recharge takes approximately 3.5 hours from a conventional 120 volt, 12 amp household circuit or approximately 1.5 hours from a 220V level 2 charger.
The driver can also select several driving modes: Sport, comfort and ECO Pro. Using the shift lever, the driver can select position D for automated gear selection or can switch to sport mode. Sport mode offers manual gear selection and at the same time switches to a sporty drive and suspension settings. In sport mode, the engine and electric motor deliver extra performance, accelerator response faster and to increase power from the motor to the maximum. And in order to keep the battery topped up, sport mode also activates maximum energy recuperation during overrun and braking of the motors generator function, which recharges the battery using kinetic energy, switches to more powerful units. Switch the driving experience control on the center console offers a choice of two settings. When starting up, comfort mode, which provides a balance between sporty performance and fuel efficiency, with unrestricted access to all convenience functions. In addition, ECO PRO mode can be occupied that the BMW i8 as on other models, supports an efficiency-optimized driving style. In this mode, the powertrain controller coordinates the cooperation between the petrol engine and electric motor for maximum fuel economy. When braking, an intelligent energy management system automatically decides, in accordance with the driving situation and vehicle status, whether to recover the braking energy or to coast with the powertrain disengaged. At the same time, ECO PRO mode also programs electrical convenience functions such as air conditioning, seat heating and heated mirrors to operate at minimum energy consumption but without compromising security. The maximum driving range of the BMW i8 and a full fuel tank and fully charged battery is over 500 km 310 mi in comfort mode, which may be increased to 20% in ECO Pro mode. Mode BMW i8s ECO Pro can also be used in all drives. Then, the vehicle runs only by a motor. Only if the battery falls below a predetermined level or when a sudden intense throttle application such as kickdown, is the internal combustion engine automatically.
The car was unveiled at the BMW groups Miramas test track in France.

2. The production version. (Производственная версия)
The production BMW I8 was designed by Benoit Jacob. The production version was presented in 2013 at the international motor show in Germany, following the 2013 Les voiles de Saint-Tropez. He with the butterfly doors, head-up display, rear view cameras and partially false engine noise. Series production of customer vehicles began in April 2014. Electric two-speed transmission designed and manufactured by GKN. It is the first production car with laser headlights, reaching further than led lights.
In i8 has the weight of the car 1.485 kg LB 3.274 DIN curb weight and low drag coefficient of 0.26 CD. In all-electric mode the BMW i8 has a maximum speed of 120 km / h 75 km / h. In sport mode the I8 delivers a mid-range acceleration from 80 to 120 km / h from 50 to 75 mph in 2.6 seconds. Electronically controlled top speed is 250 km / h 155 km / h.

2.1. The production version. Range and fuel economy. (Ассортимент и экономия топлива)
On the production I8 7.1 kWh lithium-ion battery with a usable capacity of 5.2 kWh and intelligent energy management, which supplies electricity to 37 km 23 mi in the cycle NEDC. In the EPA cycle, the range in EV mode is 15 miles 24 km, with a gasoline consumption of 0.1 gallon per 100 miles, and, as a result, EPA all-electric range is zero. The total range is 330 Mi 530 km.
The production version has a fuel consumption of 2.1 l / 100 km 134.5 mpg ‑IMP, 112.0 mpg and the USA in the framework of the NEDC testing in the carbon emissions of 49 g / km Under EPA cycle, the I8 combined fuel economy in EV mode a Rating of 76 miles per gallon equivalent-the equivalent of 3.1 l gasoline equivalent / 100 km, 91 mpg-IMP gasoline equivalent, with a energy consumption 43 kWh / 100 km and fuel consumption of 0.1 US gallon /100 miles. Combined fuel consumption when operating only with gasoline is 28 mpg ‑US 8.4 l / 100 km, 34 mpg ‑IMP for city driving and 29 mpg ‑US 8.1 l / 100 km, 35 mpg ‑IMP highway.
Environmental protection U.S. Agency 2014 edition of "light-duty automotive technology, carbon dioxide emissions and fuel economy trends" introduced utility factors for hybrids to represent the percentage of miles that will be executed with the use of electricity in the average driver, in electric or hybrid modes. BMW i8 Roadster has a utilization factor in EV mode of 37%, compared to 83% for the BMW i3 Rex, 66% for the Chevrolet Volt, 65% for the Cadillac ELR, 45% for the Ford Energi models, 43% to R1, 39% for Porsche Panamera e-hybrid, and 29% for the Toyota Prius PHV.
In the fall of 2018, the battery has been upgraded to 11.8 kW, with a comfortable 9.4 kWh.

2.2. The production version. Special edition. (Специальное издание)
Special edition BMW i8 Red and proton production model was presented at the 2016 Geneva International motor show. Proton Red edition will be produced at the BMW plant in Leipzig from July 2016. This special edition car sports, proton, finish red paint with accents in frozen grey metallic. Color scheme is complemented by a BMW W-spoke 470 alloy wheels, painted in metallic gray with the orbit of the hub is painted aluminum skin, and mixed-Size tyres front: 215 / 45 R20, rear: 245 / 40 R20 for. Inside the car has a red double stitching and use of high-quality carbon fiber and ceramic veneer.

2.3. The production version. Roadster. (Родстер)
Concept BMW i8 Spyder was presented at the Beijing motor show 2012. In October 2016 BMW announced that the Roadster variant will be added to the lineup of BMW I in 2018.
Roadster i8 increases the battery capacity to 11.6 kWh, and the car only has 2 seats. The roof of the car is an electric 2-piece unit that folds neatly into the space where the rear seats usually.

3. Sales and markets. (Продаж и рынков)
BMW originally planned to sell the i8 in about 50 countries, with the US expected to become largest market. In Europe, BMW expected the UK, Germany and France for the best markets. 14 November 2013, BMW announced they are taking orders for the i8 in Japan. Prices start from ¥19.170.000 US $ 191.500, which includes 8% consumption tax.
Global deliveries to retail customers totaled 1.741 units, and 5.456 2014 in 2015, the total amount of cumulative sales 7.197 units worldwide until December 2015. In 2015 global sales of the BMW I8 have exceeded the total for all other hybrid sports cars produced by other manufacturers. USA is the market leader with a 4.108 units until October 2016, and then in the UK 1.700 units sold through October of 2016, and the Germany 986 i8s was until September 2016. Since mid-2014, over 10.000 BMW i8s were sold worldwide in early November of 2016, which is 10% of BMWs global electrified sales model, and makes i8 and worlds best selling plug-in electric sports car.

3.1. Sales and markets. Australia. (Австралия)
Shipping to Australia for the I8 began in March 2015 at a price of $299.000 RM. 50 local examples I8 stand out to Australia, with 15 of them already accounted for. In contrast to international sales, where the i3 and i8 will be sold in specialized stores BMW I, Australia consists of six specialized dealers across the country who will be authorized to sell and i8. Dealerships include BMW Melbourne, Brisbane, Sydney BMW Rushcutters Bay, Valley BMW Brisbane Ghost, Perths auto classic in Victoria Park, Adelaide BMW in the South Australian capital and Rolfe classic, Phillip Australian capital territory.
Service and repair facilities for BMW i8 will be available in 11 authorised BMW dealers around Australia.

3.2. Sales and markets. China. (Китай)
Pricing in China starts at CN¥1.988 million ~ $us 323.000. Initially, sales of the BMW I brand vehicles are limited to seven dealerships in Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Shenyang. BMW expects total sales of about 1.000 units for its i3 and i8 models before the end of December 2014.

3.3. Sales and markets. India. (Индия)
BMW presented the four options for the i8 in the Indian market in February 2015. It was the most expensive hotel from BMW in the country at a price of INR 2.29 crore ex-showroom. The car is sold through exclusive BMW I dealerships established in the cities of Chennai, Delhi and Mumbai.

3.4. Sales and markets. Europe. (Европа)
Was delivered in Europe in June 2014, the first month on the market a total of 61 units. IHS automotive predicts that just about 1.700 BMW i8s will be sold in Europe in 2015.
European sales statistics from the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland.
Spain
I8 is available in Madrid in 2016.
Germany
On the I8 was released in Germany in June 2014, with prices starting from €126.000 ~ US$169.000. As of September 2016, the number of registrations amounted to 986 units.
Switzerland
Deliveries began in June 2014 and a total of 64 units were registered in 2014. Total sales reached 117 units by June 2015.
United Kingdom
Deliveries began in the UK in July 2014, with pricing starting at GB£99.845. BMW I8 is entitled to exemption from congestion charge in London, which is one of the factors of demand. BMW I8 was eligible for the governments GB£5.000 plug-in car grant until February 2016. Despite being classified as a vehicle of category 2, due to its price to buy a car the BMW i8 is no longer eligible for a grant. As part of the changes implemented by the government in the grant scheme, from plug-in March 2016 vehicles with a retail price of GB£60.000 are not eligible for a grant.
Two weeks after the start of supply, and i8 was sold out in the UK and, in August 2014, was a 10-month waiting list. By the end of February 2015 took place on 9-month waiting list. Was at the end of June 2016 in the amount of 1.307 units. As of October 2016, approximately 1.700 i8s were sold in the UK since mid-2014, making the British market the largest in Europe.

3.5. Sales and markets. USA. (США)
The price of BMW i8 is designed for the American market begins with us 135.925$including destination and handling fees and before any applicable government incentives. First deliveries to retail customers in the United States took place in pebble beach Concours dElegance 2014 to 15 August. In order to honor the memory of i8s American start, the 2014 BMW I8 Concours d Elegance of the edition was auctioned during the annual Gooding & company pebble beach auctions. This special edition features BMW individual frozen grey metallic exterior paint, Dalbergia brown leather upholstery, finished in BMW I blue, and other unique features. The car was sold over 825.000 US $ €616.000 or GBP 495.000 16 Aug 2014, six times more than the retail price and i8. Proceedings go to Fund pebble beach company.
Sales in 2015 reached 2.265 units, up 308.1% in 2014. In total, there were 1.288 units sold in the period from January to October 2016. Total sales stood at 4.108 units in October 2016.

4. Awards and recognition. (Награды и признание)
In July 2012, BMW I8 won the North American concept car of 2012. BMW I8 Spyder in production preview Vehicle award 2013. On the I8 won AutoGuides 2015 "readers Choice" Green car of the year. BMW I8 was the winner of the coveted title of world Green car of the year’ for the glory of Indias eco-drive 2015, he was also selected as Autoblogs 2014 technology of the year. The Top gear magazine awarded the I8 with their coveted car of the year award for 2014. Green car journal awarded the BMW I8 2015 luxury green car of the year. On the I8 won the car in the UK for 2015, and indicators of UK car of the year 2015. World car of the year organization has announced the I8 as the winner in 2015 for the award of world Green car.

5. Marketing. (Маркетинг)
Louis Vuitton has released a series of carbon-black Luggage for BMW i8, which included vacationer GM I8, garment bag i8, Business Case i8, including private evenings and i8. In the Luggage series went on sale in select Louis Vuitton stores worldwide from 1 April 2014.

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