ⓘ Feroz Nizami, was a Pakistani film score composer, music director and classical singer. He composed music for bollywood films in British India and after partiti ..

                                     

ⓘ Feroz Nizami

Feroz Nizami, was a Pakistani film score composer, music director and classical singer. He composed music for bollywood films in British India and after partition, he remained actively involved in Pakistan film industry. He is primarily recognized as a music composer for a music blockbuster Indian film Jugnu, which helped him to appear among the prominent composers in both India and Pakistan cinemas. His last composition in Bombay films was released in 1947, leading him to retain his position for more than twenty years in South Asias music industry during the 1940s. Before he returned to Pakistan while working in Indian films, he was referred to as "Ustad of Bombay" by the Indian artists such as Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, and Dilip Kumar.

During his last days, he extensively researched music and wrote books on the musical subject such as Ramooz e Moseeqi and Israr e Moseeqi, and an autobiographical book titled Sarchashma e Hayat, comprising a detailed account of his life. He is also credited for introducing the greatest indian singer Mohammed Rafi to the Indian film industry.

                                     

1. Early life and education

He was born on 10 November 1910 in British India in modern-day Lahore, Pakistan. Feroz Nizami received his education from the Government Islamia College, and later graduated from a government college. He also studied Sufism and Metaphysics. He was the brother of a Pakistani cricketer Nazar Mohammad and writer Siraj Nizami. His was married to an Indian-born woman Ghulam Fatima. In 2016, his wife argued that she submitted multiple requests to the government of Pakistan, including provincial government of Punjab for financial assistance, she according to The Express Tribune is living in one rental room in Jogi Mohalla area of Bhatti Chowk, Lahore, and was not assisted by the authorities. Following the claimed difficult circumstances, she is believed to return her hometown Bhendi Bazaar, India.

Feroz Nizami was originally working as a singer at a state-owned radio station at Lahore and was later transferred to the All India Radio and eventually at Delhi and later in Lucknow until he went to Bombay now Mumbai in search of career opportunities in bollywood. While working at the radio station, he had the opportunity to work with such people as Saadat Hasan Manto, Krishan Chander and another music director Khwaja Khurshid Anwar.

                                     

2. Career

Prior to his debut in Urdu and Hindi films, Feroz received his training in classical music from the classical music teacher Abdul Wahid Khan of the Kirana gharana. After completing his training, he left midway working for the All India Radio and went to Mumbai in bollywood film industry. He composed different types of music throughout his career, and used classical, semi-classical, thumris and western music in India before partition and in Pakistan after partition. He originally started his career in 1943 with Vishwas film, in which he worked with Chhelalal, Indian music director. He then composed music in 1946 for Neik Parveen film, a flop film of that time, but some of its compositions were good. Later in 1947, Noor Jehan and her husband Shaukat Hussain Rizvis production company Shaukat Art Productions SAP in Mumbai recruited him to score the music for SAPs first film Jugnu, a music blockbuster film of 1940s.

After the partition, he migrated to Lahore and started working as a music director in Pakistani film industry with his first film Hamri Basti 1949, a flopped film. However, four years later, Noor Jehan produced the Pakistani film, Chann Vey, his compositions for the film were praised in the Indian subcontinent. In 1952, he scored music for Dopatta film, the only high-grossed Pakistani film of the 1950s.

                                     

2.1. Career Later work

During the late 1950s, he used to teach classical music at the Alhamra Arts Council in Lahore, Pakistan.

                                     

3. Literary work

In addition to composing music, he also wrote books on art and music, including English-language books entitled ABC of Music and History and Development of Music, the only writings on the subject that were first written after the country became a sovereign state. In the later years, he wrote more books on the subject such as Ramooz e Moseeqi and Israr e Moseeqi. A book he wrote on spiritualism was Sarchashma e Hayat, comprising his autobiography.

                                     

4. Bibliography

  • Nizami, Feroze 1988. Asrār-i mūsīqī. Nizāmī Pablīkeshanz. p. 196. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  • Nizami, Feroze 1988. History and Development of Music. Punjab Council of the Arts. p. 151. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  • Nizami, Feroze 1988. ABC of Music. Punjab Council of the Arts. p. 142. Retrieved 6 July 2020.

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